While there are currently no treatments specifically for FTD, there are treatments which could help with some of the symptoms.
People with all forms of dementia may be offered antidepressants or non-drug alternatives, like cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) to treat symptoms of depression or help manage challenging behaviour. CBT provides an opportunity for people to talk about their worries and concerns with a specialist practitioner. Antidepressants may not always be suitable for someone with frontotemporal dementia and your doctor will carefully consider what may be appropriate.
To help relieve symptoms of severe agitation and aggression a doctor may consider an assessment of someone’s health and environment. This could help identify any causes or triggers of agitation or aggression. Non-drug approaches such as aromatherapy or music therapy may also be considered. This might depend on your preference as well as the availability of treatments. In rare circumstances antipsychotic drugs may be used to relieve severe symptoms. These drugs are not suitable for everyone so your doctor will carefully consider what is appropriate. These drugs can have serious side effects and their use should be carefully monitored.
It’s possible that cognitive stimulation activities may be helpful for people with frontotemporal dementia. These activities are designed to stimulate thinking skills and engage people. They are often group-based and include games, with an emphasis on enjoyment.
Physical symptoms such as problems swallowing or moving may need careful management in their own right. You may be offered speech therapy or physiotherapy to help with these symptoms.
You can discuss your treatment options with your doctor.